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Semantics.

"The study of meaning in natural language. 'Meaning' is an elusive concept which modern linguists tackle by dispersing into other fundamental ideas such as Implicature, Meaning-NN, Sense and Reference, Value....
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Naming Theory of Meaning.

"Also called denotative or referential theories. Theories which equate the meaning of a word with an object it stands for (like the 'FIDO'-FIDO Theory), or else with the word's relation to such an...
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Picture Theory of Meaning.

"Theory which treats declarative sentences (as against commands and so on) as pictures of facts (if true) or possible facts (otherwise). A notable example of the theory is Tractatus (1921) by Ludwig...
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Coherence Theory of Truth.

"A theory maintaining that a proposition will be true if it forms part of a system of mutually coherent propositions which is wider than any rival system. The coherence or consistency in question must of...
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Objective Idealism.

"Associated with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) and his followers, notably in England Francis Herbert Bradley (1846-1924). See also Coherence Theory of Truth. This is a form of idealism whereby,...
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Doctrine of Internal Relations.

"Doctrine that all relations are internal to their bearers, in the sense that they are essential to them and the bearers would not be what they are without them. Some relations are clearly internal in this...